COSA SONO LE REFERENZE?

Le referenze che trovi qui sotto sono tutti gli studi pubblicati da cui tiro fuori i concetti che esprimo nel mio lavoro. Tutto quello che dico può essere supportato dall'evidenza scientifica, io non mi invento niente, rendo solo più comprensibili i dati che esistono già.

-Mm

CALORIE:

Energy expenditure and body composition changes after an isocaloric ketogenic diet in overweight and obese men. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27385608

Ketogenic low-carbohydrate diets have no metabolic advantage over nonketogenic low-carbohydrate diets. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16685046

Effects of 4 weight-loss diets differing in fat, protein, and carbohydrate on fat mass, lean mass, visceral adi- pose tissue, and hepatic fat: results from the Pounds Lost trial. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22258266

Moderate carbohydrate, moderate protein weight loss diet reduces cardiovascular disease risk compared to high carbohydrate, low protein diet in obese adults: A randomized clinical trial. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18990242

 MACRONUTRIENTI

Higher compared with lower dietary protein during an energy de cit combined with intense exercise promotes greater lean mass gain and fat mass loss: a randomized trial. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26817506

An isoenergetic high-protein, moderate-fat diet does not compromise strength and fatigue during resistance exercise in women. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18618943

Pathways to obesity. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12174324

The Energy Costs of Protein Metabolism: Lean and Mean on Uncle Sam’s Team. Retrieved January 2, 2018,from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK224633/

Protein, weight management, and satiety. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18469287

Dietary protein and exercise have additive effects on body composition during weight loss in adult women. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16046715

Decrease of serum total and free testosterone during a low-fat high- bre diet. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6298507

Cholesterol-lowering effects of dietary ber: a meta-analysis. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9925120

Effect of dietary bre on postprandial thermogenesis. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3032832

The effect of moderate alcohol consumption on fat distribution and adipocytokines. Retrieved January 18, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16493123

Alcohol impairs skeletal muscle protein synthesis and mTOR signaling in a time-dependent manner following electrically stimulated muscle contraction. Retrieved January 18, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4233249/

Alcohol and lipid metabolism. Retrieved January 18, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16958674

Alcohol effects on luteinizing hormone and testosterone in male macaque monkeys. Retrieved January 18, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4009484

A systematic review of dietary protein during caloric restriction in resistance trained lean athletes: a case for higher intakes. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24092765

A high proportion of leucine is required for optimal stimulation of the rate of muscle protein synthesis by essential amino acids in the elderly. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16507602

Leucine or carbohydrate supplementation reduces AMPK and eEF2 phosphorylation and extends postpran- dial muscle protein synthesis in rats. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti- cles/PMC4395871/

Ketogenic low-carbohydrate diets have no metabolic advantage over nonketogenic low-carbohydrate diets. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16685046

Energy expenditure and body composition changes after an isocaloric ketogenic diet in overweight and obese men. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27385608

Nutritional strategies of high level natural bodybuilders during competition preparation. Retrieved January 16, 2018, from https://jissn.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12970-018-0209-z

Ketosis proportionately spares glucose utilization in brain. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3734783

Diet and serum sex hormones in healthy men. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6538617

Low carbohydrate, high fat diet impairs exercise economy and negates the performance bene t from intensi- ed training in elite race walkers. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5407976/

The effect of ber on satiety and food intake: a systematic review. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23885994

Metabolic and behavioral effects of a high-sucrose diet during weight loss. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9094871

SULLA DIETA

Biology’s response to dieting: the impetus for weight regain. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21677272

Long-term e cacy of dietary treatment of obesity: a systematic review of studies published between 1931 and 1999. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12119984

The mediocre results of dieting. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/23859104

How dieting makes some fatter: from a perspective of human body composition autoregulation. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22475574

Metabolic slowing with massive weight loss despite preservation of fat-free mass. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22535969

The Normal Menstrual Cycle and the Control of Ovulation. Retrieved December 21, 2017, from https://www. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279054/

Combination contraceptives: effects on weight. Retrieved December 21, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih. gov/pubmed/24477630

Emergency contraceptive Pills - Family Planning: A Global Handbook for Providers. Retrieved December 21, 2017, from https://www.fphandbook.org/sites/default/ les/hb_english_2012.pdf

Lifestyle Modi cation Programs in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Retrieved December 21, 2017, from https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article/98/12/4655/2834112

Increased Incidence of Thyroid Disease in Patients with Celiac Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Anal- ysis. Retrieved December 21, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28030626

Hypothesis: Beta-adrenergic receptor blockers and weight gain: A systematic analysis. Retrieved December 21, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11230280

A practical guide to the monitoring and management of the complications of systemic corticosteroid therapy. Retrieved December 21, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3765115/

Antidepressants and body weight: a comprehensive review and meta-analysis. Retrieved December 21, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21062615

FREQUENZA E TEMPO DEI PASTI

Nutrient timing revisited: is there a post-exercise anabolic window? Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3577439/

Human muscle protein synthesis and breakdown during and after exercise. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19164770

Fasted-state skeletal muscle protein synthesis after resistance exercise is altered with training. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1474760/

Pre- versus post-exercise protein intake has similar effects on muscular adaptations. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5214805/

The leucine content of a complete meal directs peak activation but not duration of skeletal muscle protein synthesis and mammalian target of rapamycin signaling in rats. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19403715

Meal Distribution of Dietary Protein and Leucine In uences Long-Term Muscle Mass and Body Composition in Adult Rats. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27903833

Dietary Protein and Resistance Exercise. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://books.google.com/ books?id=LyHOBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA26#v=onepage&q&f=false

Increased meal frequency does not promote greater weight loss in subjects who were prescribed an 8-week equi-energetic energy-restricted diet. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/19943985

Effects of Increased Meal Frequency on Fat Oxidation and Perceived Hunger. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4391809/

Muscle full effect after oral protein: time-dependent concordance and discordance between human mus- cle protein synthesis and mTORC1 signaling. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/20844073

METABOLISMO E ADATTAMENTI

Natural bodybuilding competition preparation and recovery: a 12-month case study. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23412685

Metabolic adaptation to weight loss: implications for the athlete. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3943438/

Metabolic slowing with massive weight loss despite preservation of fat-free mass. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22535969

Long-term persistence of adaptive thermogenesis in subjects who have maintained a reduced body weight. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18842775

Effect of weight reduction on resting energy expenditure, substrate utilization, and the thermic effect of food in moderately obese women. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1570799

Greater than predicted decrease in energy expenditure during exercise after body weight loss in obese men. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12617720

Decreased mitochondrial proton leak and reduced expression of uncoupling protein 3 in skeletal muscle of obese diet-resistant women. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12145158

Biology’s response to dieting: the impetus for weight regain. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21677272

Persistent metabolic adaptation 6 years after “The Biggest Loser” competition. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/oby.21538/full

Moderate weight loss is su cient to affect thyroid hormone homeostasis and inhibit its peripheral conver- sion. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23902316

Baseline sympathetic nervous system activity predicts dietary weight loss in obese metabolic syndrome sub- jects. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22090279

Weight loss increases circulating levels of ghrelin in human obesity. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11874411

Sex hormone changes during weight loss and maintenance in overweight and obese postmenopausal Afri- can-American and non-African-American women. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih. gov/pmc/articles/PMC3635052/

Case Study: Unfavorable But Transient Physiological Changes During Contest Preparation in a Drug-Free Male Bodybuilder. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28770669

Effects of short-term carbohydrate or fat overfeeding on energy expenditure and plasma leptin con- centrations in healthy female subjects. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/11126336

Dietary intakes and leptin concentrations. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ articles/PMC4251481/

Intermittent versus daily calorie restriction: which diet regimen is more effective for weight loss? Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21410865

The effects of intermittent or continuous energy restriction on weight loss and metabolic disease risk mark- ers: a randomized trial in young overweight women. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm. nih.gov/pubmed/20921964

Effects of intermittent compared to continuous energy restriction on short-term weight loss and long-term weight loss maintenance. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25826770

Intermittent energy restriction improves weight loss e ciency in obese men: the MATADOR study. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.nature.com/articles/ijo2017206

ALLENAMENTO

Case study: Natural bodybuilding contest preparation. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm. nih.gov/pubmed/24901578

Natural bodybuilding competition preparation and recovery: a 12-month case study. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23412685

A nutrition and conditioning intervention for natural bodybuilding contest preparation: case study. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://jissn.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12970-015-0083-x

Female Natural Bodybuilding Competition Preparation: A 6-Week Case Study. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2553&context=etd

Case Study: Unfavorable But Transient Physiological Changes During Contest Preparation in a Drug-Free Male Bodybuilder. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28770669

Physiological Changes Following Competition in Male and Female Physique Athletes: A Pilot Study. Re- trieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28422530

Psychophysiological Tracking of a Female Physique Competitor through Competition Preparation. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28344742

Body composition changes in female bodybuilders during preparation for competition. Retrieved January 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11360131

Skeletal Muscle Structure, Function, and Plasticity. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://books.google.com/ books/about/Skeletal_Muscle_Structure_Function_and_P.html?id=T0fbq_b89cAC

Muscle damage and muscle remodeling: no pain, no gain? Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi. nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21270317

Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://books.google.com/ books/about/Essentials_of_Strength_Training_and_Cond.html?id=rk3SX8G5Qp0C

A comparison of linear and daily undulating periodized programs with equated volume and intensity for strength. Retrieved January 26, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11991778

Effects of linear vs. daily undulatory periodized resistance training on maximal and submaximal strength gains. Retrieved January 26, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21499134

Effects of Resistance Training Frequency on Measures of Muscle Hypertrophy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Retrieved January 26, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27102172

Effect of resistance training set volume on upper body muscle hypertrophy: are more sets really better than less? Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29024332

The effects of high-intensity interval training vs. moderate-intensity continuous training on body composition in overweight and obese adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28401638

Run sprint interval training improves aerobic performance but not maximal cardiac output. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20473222

Effects of morning versus evening combined strength and endurance training on physical performance, muscle hypertrophy, and serum hormone concentrations. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from http://www.nrcre- searchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/apnm-2016-0271

Neuromuscular Adaptations to Combined Strength and Endurance Training: Order and Time-of-Day. Re- trieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28704882

The effects of traditional, superset, and tri-set resistance training structures on perceived intensity and physiological responses. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/ PMC5556132/

The effects of superset con guration on kinetic, kinematic, and perceived exertion in the barbell bench press. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28796130

Effect of the shoulder position on the biceps brachii emg in different dumbbell curls. Retrieved January 6, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3737788/

Chemistry/Sixth Edition: e-Text by Raymond Chang. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.pdfdrive. net/chemistrysixth-edition-e-text-e19616505.html

Human Physiology, 8th by Fox, Stuart Ira: McGraw-Hill Companies. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.abebooks.com/Human-Physiology-8th-Fox-Stuart-Ira/934500007/bd

Time Course of Enhanced Adrenal Responsiveness to Angiotensin on a Low Salt Diet. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/hypertensionaha/15/4/376.full.pdf

ACSM’s Advanced Exercise Physiology. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://books.google.com/ books?id=YAAT1-hebMgC&pg=PA365&lpg=PA365&dq=ACSM’s+advanced+exercise+physiology+sl- gt1+charles+tipton&source=bl&ots=ISD5iITFuZ&sig=ZmUaK5Jk8WNU-GqVxN7m9h4qi3k&hl=en

By Reginald H. Garrett - Biochemistry: 2nd (second) Edition. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www. amazon.com/Reginald-H-Garrett-Biochemistry-second/dp/B008WDGB1E

No Evidence of Dehydration with Moderate Daily Coffee Intake: A Counterbalanced Cross-Over Study in a Free-Living Population. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/ PMC3886980/